REMOTE SENSING IN ARCHAEOLOGY: AN OVERVIEW

  • Rosa Lasaponara
  • Nicola Masini
Keywords: Remote Sensing, Archaeology

Abstract

Recently, the importance of applying satellite remote sensing technology to archaeological research has been paid great attention worldwide, due to the following aspects:

(i).The improvement in spectral and spatial resolution reveals increasing detailed information for archaeological purposes,

(ii).The synoptic view offered by satellite data helps us to understand the complexity of archaeological investigations at a variety of different scales,

(iii).Satellite-based digital elevation models (DEMs) are widely used in archaeology for several purposes to considerably improve data analysis and interpretation,

(iv).The availability of long satellite time series allows the monitoring of hazard and risk in archaeological sites,

(v).Remotely sensed data enable us to carry out both inter and intra site prospection and data analysis,

(vi).Satellite radar systems offer very high resolution data,

(vii).The quite recent (mid-1990s availability of Airborne Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR)) remote sensing technique with the unique capability to penetrate vegetation canopies and identify earthwork features even under dense vegetation cover.

Potential and limitation of active and passive satellite and aerial sensors will be presented along with significant test studies selected from South America (Peru, Bolivia), Europe and Turkey.

Nowadays the tremendous amount of data available from diverse remote sensing data sources can efficiently support archaeological surveys providing a scalable and modular approach that can significantly improve our current knowledge on past human activities, enabling us to better understand the past and forecast the future.

References

[1] Lasaponara, R., Masini, N., (2011) “Satellite Remote Sensing in Archaeology: Past, Present and Future”, Journal of Archaeological Science, 38, 1995–2002, doi:10.1016/j.jas.2011.02.002.
[2] Lasaponara, R., Masini, N., (2009) “Full-Waveform Airborne Laser Scanning for the Detection of Medieval Archaeological Microtopographic Relief”, Journal of Cultural Heritage, 10S, pp. e78–e82 [doi:10.1016/j.culher.2009.10.004].
[3] Lasaponara, R., Masini, N., (2006) “On the Potential of QuickBird Data for Archaeological Prospection”, International Journal of Remote Sensing, 27 (15-16), pp. 3607-3614. [ISSN: 0143-1161] [DOI: 10.1080/01431160500333983].
[4] Lasaponara, R., Masini, N., (2012) “Satellite Remote Sensing: A New Tool for Archaeology, Springer Verlag. 360 pp.
[5] Masini, N., Lasaponara, R., (2007) “Investigating the Spectral Capability of QuickBird Data to Detect Archaeological Remains Buried under Vegetated and not Vegetated Areas”, Journal of Cultural Heritage, 8 (1), pp. 53-60. [ISSN: 1296-2074].
[6] Masini, N., Lasaponara, R., (2006) “Satellite-Based Recognition of Landscape Archaeological Features Related to Ancient Human Transformation”, Journal of Geophysics and Engineering, 3, pp. 230-235. [ISSN: 1742-2132] [doi:10.1088/1742-2132/3/3/004].
[7] Lasaponara, R., Masini, N., (2011) “On the Processing of Aerial LiDAR Data for Supporting Enhancement, Interpretation and Mapping of Archaeological Features”, in B. Murgante Et Al. (Eds.), Computational Science and Ist Applications - ICCSA 2011, Part II, LNCS 6783, pp. 392–406, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, ISBN 978-3-642-21886-6, doi 10.1007/978-3-642-21887-3.
[8] McCauley, J.F., Schaber, G.G., Breed, C.S., Grolier, M.J., Haynes, C.V., Issawi, B., Elachi, C., Blom, R., (1982) “Subsurface Valleys and Geoarchaeology of the Eastern Sahara Revealed by Shuttle Radar”, Science 218, 1004–1020.
[9] El-Baz, F., Robinson, C.A., Al-Saud, T.S.M., (2007) “Radar İmages in Geoarchaeology of Eastern Sahara”, In: Wisemann, J., El Baz, F. (Eds.), Remote Sensing in Archaeology. Springer, pp. 47–70.
[10] Xinqiao, L., Huadong, G., Yun, S., (1997) “Detection of the Great Wall Using SIR-C data in North-Western China”, Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 1997. IGARSS '97. Remote Sensing - A Scientific Vision for Sustainable Development., 1997 IEEE International, 1: 50-52.
[11] Moore, E., Freeman, T., Hensley, S., (2007) “Spaceborne and Airborne Radar at Angkor. Introducing New Technology to the Ancient Site”. In: Wisemann, J., El Baz, F. (Eds.), Remote Sensing in Archaeology. Springer, pp. 185–216.
16
[12] Evans, D., Pottier, C., Fletcher, R., Hensley, S., Tapley, I., Milne, A., Barbetti, M., (2007) “A Comprehensive Archaeological Map of the World’s Largest Pre-Industrial Settlement Complex at Angkor, Cambodia”, Proceedings of the National Academy Of Sciences of the United States of America, 104 (36): 4277-4282.
17
[13] Lasaponara R., Masini N., 2007, Detection of Archaeological Crop Marks by Using Satellite QuickBird, Journal of Archaeological Science, 34, pp. 214-221 [ISSN: 0305-4403] [10.1016/ j.jas.2006.04.014].
[14] Grøn, O., Stylegar, F.-A., Palmer, S., Aase, S., Orlando, P., Esbensen, K., Kucheryavski, S., (2008) “Practical Use of Multispectral Satellite Images in General Norwegian Cultural Heritage Management and Focused Viking Age Research. Experiences from South-Western Norway”, In: Lasaponara, R., Masini, N. (Eds.), Remote Sensing for Archaeology and Cultural Heritage Management. Aracne Editrice, Rome, pp. 285–288.
Published
2013-01-21
How to Cite
[1]
R. Lasaponara and N. Masini, “REMOTE SENSING IN ARCHAEOLOGY: AN OVERVIEW”, JAST, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 7-17, Jan. 2013.
Section
Articles