SETTLEMENT SUITABILITY ANALYSIS IN TERMS OF EARTHQUAKE
Nowadays, remote sensing and GIS technologies play a significant role in determination of the most appropriate strategies to monitor disasters, to assess damages, to manage and to mitigate disasters. Despite the fact that earthquakes are a part of our lives, we fail to carry out sufficient land use and planning analysis activities before and after earthquake. The destruction disaster caused by the earthquake affecting the Marmara Region shows that existing land use plans were made ignoring the reality of earthquake disasters in our country. With this study, a useful step has been taken to overcome this issue.
In this study, multicriteria evaluation method was used to carry out a settlement suitability analysis through integration of satellite and ground data according to the scenario of the 17th August 1999 Marmara Earthquake in Turkey. In this context, by using the research methods of the various professional groups, geological formations, faults and earthquake magnitude, deformation state, land cover and land use capability classes, digital elevation model, the main road network and residential status were evaluated in accordance with the ranking of the importance, and potential settlement suitability map has been produced in 5 classess for the Kocaeli province. This map was compared with the contemporary land use and land cover status and the results obtained are given on subdistrict basis. The final part of this study includes the settlement suitability analysis for the newly constructed permanent residential areas of the Kocaeli Province.
 Pereira, J.M.C, Duckstein, L., (1993) "A Multiple Criteria Decision-Making Approach to Gıs-Based Land Suitability Evaluation" International Journal of Geographical Information Science, 7-5, 407–424.
 Malczewski, J.A., (1996) "GIS-Based Approach to Multiple Criteria Group Decision-Making" International Journal of Geographical Information Science, 10-8, 321–339.
 Joerin, F., Thériault, M., Musy, A., (2001) “Using GIS and Outranking Multicriteria Analysis for Land-Use Suitability Assessment” International Journal of Geographical Information Science 10-8, 321–339.
 Campbell, K.W., (1997) “Empirical Near-Source Attenuation Relationships for Horizontal and Vertical Components of Peak Ground Acceleration, Peak Ground Velocity, and Pseudo-Absolute Acceleration Response Spectra” Seismological Research Letter, 68, 154–179.
 Gens, R., Vangenderen, J.L., (1996) “An Approach to Error Propagation Modeling of SAR Interferometric data” ESA Fringe'96 Workshop, Zurich, Switzerland.
 Gens, R., Vangenderen, J.L., (1996) “SAR Interferometry - Issues, Techniques, Applications” International Journal of Remote Sensing, 17, 1803-1835.
 Massonnet, D., Feigl, K.L., (1998) “Radar İnterferometry and its Application to Changes in the Earth's Surface” Reiews of Geophysics., 36-4, 441-500.
 Madsen, S.N., Zebker, H.A., Martin, J., (1993) “Topographic Mapping Using Radar Interferometry: Processing Techniques” IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 31-1, 246-256.
 Rosen, P.A., Hensley, S., Joughin, I.R., Li, F.K., Madsen, S.N., Rodriguez, E., Goldstein, R.M., (2000) “Synthetic Aperture Radar Interferometry” Proceedings of IEEE, 88, 333– 382.
 Aydöner, C., (2005) “Deprem Sonrasında Uydu Verileri ve Yersel Veri Entegrasyonu ile Arazi Örtüsü/Arazi Kullanımı Analizi” Doktora Tezi, İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi, İstanbul.
The manuscript with title and authors is being submitted for publication in Journal of Aeronautics and Space Technologies. This article or a major portion of it was not published, not accepted and not submitted for publication elsewhere. If accepted for publication, I hereby grant the unlimited and all copyright privileges to Journal of Aeronautics and Space Technologies.
I declare that I am the responsible writer on behalf of all authors.